Foeniculum Vulgare Mill ( Fennel )

Fennel is one of nine medicinal plants that are considered potent in the Anglo-Saxon. In Indonesia, have been cultivated and sometimes as herbs or medicinal plants. This plant can live from the plains to a height of 1,800 m above sea level, but will grow better in the highlands. Originally from Southern Europe and Asia, and for its benefits then widely planted in Indonesia, India, Argentina, Europe, and Japan.
long-lived, height 50 cm - 2 m, grows in groups, one group usually 3-5 bars, Trunk bluish green, grooved, segmented, hollow, fragrant smell when bruised. two double pinnate compound with a narrow fins
structured as an umbrella compound interest with a 6-40 peduncle, peduncle length 2-5 mm, yellow crown, out of the tip of the stem, fruit oval, yellow crown, if the a young green , if a little old brown color yellow and then brown all. However, fruit color varies depending on country of origin. Mature fruit has a distinctive aromatic odor, taste it feels when relative such as camphor. Fennel plants produced fennel oil, which is the distillation of fruit and fennel pollen that have been mature and dried. There are two kinds of fennel oil, sweet and bitter. Both are used in the pharmaceutical industry.

For Healing:

Abdominal pain (heartburn),
abdominal bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice (jaundice), loss of appetite, coughing, shortness of breath (asthma), painful menstruation, irregular menstruation, rheumatism, goat, hard bed (insomnia), testicles down (orchidoptosis), colic, intestine down to the groin (inguinal hernia), gall stones, inflammation of the sperm channels (epididymis),; accumulation of fluid in the scrotum (testes hiodrokel), medicinal plants or mushroom poisoning , improving eyesight.

Chemical Nature and Effects Farmakologis :

1. mature fruits contain aromatic smell, taste slightly sweet, spicy, warm, into the liver meridian, kidney, spleen, and stomach.
2. Leaves: aromatic smell
3. Oil from the fruit: fennel oil (fennel oil)

Chemical Composition:

Fennel contains essential oil (oleum Foeniculi) 1-6%, containing 50-60% anetol, approximately 20% fenkon, pinen, limonene, dipenten, felandren, metilchavikol, anisaldehid, anisat acid, and 12% fats oil. Ingredients anetol causing a distinctive anise flavor release and efficacious carminative. The roots contain bergapten. Roots and seeds contain stigmasterin (serposterin).

Farmakologis Effects and Results:

1. Its active component, anisaldehida, improve efficacy streptomycin for tuberculosis treatment in mice.
2. Improving the gastrointestinal tract and stimulate peristalsis expenditure fart (flatus). 3. Eliminate cold and phlegm.
4. Fennel oil containing anetol, fenkon, chavicol, and efficacious anisaldehid soothing the digestive tract and works like a stimulant appetite.
5. From an adult human studies, found that fennel has the effect to destroy kidney stones.
6. In animal experiments, the extract of fennel leaf decoction can lower blood pressure. However, other ways of processing do not show these efficacy.

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